Jaw & TMJ
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the hinge joint responsible for opening and closing the mouth. The TMJ consists of multiple muscles, ligaments and cartilaginous structures.
TMD or temporomandibular disorders are present when these structures are not functioning properly. Other symptoms are commonly associated with TMD such as head and neck pain, headache, ear-related symptoms, neck (cervical spine) dysfunction, and altered posture.
Research studies* show positive results when joint mobilization, soft tissue therapy (i.e. ART) and exercise are combined to treat TMD. Furthermore, these treatments tend to be much more affordable when compared to dental splints and other dental procedures.
*Armijo-Olivio et al (2016) Physical Therapy.